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Knee Conditions

Mr Dehne is a world leader in treating knee conditions, He is Fellowship trained in Knee Problems and have particular expertise in treating arthritis of the knee joint with pioneering Biologic injection therapy and with total or partial knee replacement, Arthroscopic (keyhole) Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction, treatment of joint surface (chondral) damage/ osteoarthritis, meniscal surgery, and In most cases He uses (Keyhole surgery) to evaluate and repair joint damage in order to reduce recovery time.

He helps both professional and amateur sportsmen and women to return to fitness as soon as possible.

Knee Osteoarthritis 

In popular culture, young men go down on  knees to propose,  The knees are used in conjunction with surrender! they can fail you, but they can show your resolve when they do not buckle under pressure. The knee joins up the lower end of the thigh bone (femur) and the top of the shin bone (tibia); with the knee cap (patella) at the front. The patella moves up and down in a groove on the front of the femur as the knee bends and straightens.

The surfaces of the bones are covered in articular (Hyalene) cartilage, which is a smooth, strong and comprisibble surface that allows movement within the knee joint easily  with minimal friction.

The bones are held together by ligaments and joint capsules; the meniscal cartilages help load-sharing and stability in the inside and outside of the knee joint.

What is osteoarthritis of the knee?

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is the most common form of knee arthritis, causing pain, swelling and stiffness. It’s caused by long term wear to the joint surface cartilage. It primarily a disease of the covering articular cartilage which loses its structural cababilities and allow excess stress to be passed to surrounding bones causing pain.

Which areas of the knee are affected?

The disease can affect one compartment of the knee, with the most commonly affected areas of the knee the inner  and Kneecap compartments. The lateral compartment is also affected in many cases. It is important for the treating surgeon to establish whether the disease affect a single compartment or more than one compartment. 

  • Obtaining adequate X-rays to cover all compartments of the knee. in-adequate X-rays is the most common reason for missing the diagnosis. 

How is it caused?

  • OA is usually a slow, progressive process of wearing of the joint cartilage and is therefore more common in older patients (as joint surface cartilage wears out, raw bone may eventually be exposed)

  • It is more likely if you have particular inherited traits that put more pressure on the joints, for example bowed legs

  • It can also affect people after they have had an injury either directly to the joint surface or to surrounding ligaments, for example an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury

What are the symptoms?

  • Pain, swelling, stiffness and limited movement of the knee joint

  • Stiffness in the knee(s) first thing in the morning or after sitting for prolonged periods of time

  • Stiffness is often eased with gentle activity such as walking, although in more severe cases even short walks can be painful

  • Sometimes the knees ‘creak’ or ‘crunch’ when you walk or squat. This can be a symptom of knee OA, although this is not always the case as healthy knee joints make these noises too!

Some people may have very advanced OA damage and feel very little pain, while others may have severe pain but with very little wear of the joint showing on an X-ray. When knee OA symptoms are very advanced, they can have a major impact on all areas of your life including gentle exercise such as walking, and it can also affect sleep quality.

How is it diagnosed?

A diagnosis made during a medical consultation is usually backed up by X-rays that will show the extent of the damage. You may also be offered an MRI scan, if the diagnosis is not clear, to differentiate knee OA from other conditions, such as a meniscus tear.

How is it treated?

Your treatment will depend on a number of factors, including the physical, social and emotional effects that the condition is having on your life.

Non-operative treatments: these may include painkillers or anti-inflammatory medication, physiotherapy, exercises to improve your strength and fitness, and acupuncture. Injections with viscosupplements (a synthetic form of the synovial fluid that is naturally produced in the joint) may also be helpful. Maintaining a healthy body weight by keeping to a balanced diet and taking regular low impact exercise, for example cycling and swimming, are also important to help maximise the health of your knee(s) and prevent further joint deterioration. OA is more likely to progress in people who are obese, and are therefore putting much more load on their knees, than in people who are of a healthy weight.

Surgery: in advanced cases, where non-operative treatments have not helped, a knee replacement may be the only option. During this procedure either the whole of the joint is replaced, known as a total knee replacement (TKR), or only one half, known as a unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR). However, there are also other surgical procedures which can be very effective in the treatment of less advanced forms of OA. For example, the realignment (straightening) of an arthritic knee (during an osteotomy) is now a very reliable procedure for some patients and may avoid the need for a knee replacement, or at least delay it for many years.

Important: This information is only a guideline to help you understand your treatment and what to expect. Everyone is different and your rehabilitation may be quicker or slower than other people’s. Please contact us for advice if you’re worried about any aspect of your health or recovery.

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